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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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Derived nouns: personal and participant

Derived nouns: personal and participant

Chapter:
(p.216) Chapter 11 Derived nouns: personal and participant
Source:
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology
Author(s):

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.003.0011

This chapter discusses morphological processes which derive personal or participant nouns, that is, nouns denoting agents, patients, themes, instruments, inhabitants, locations, and gendered forms. These are formed primarily by affixation in contemporary English, specifically by the suffixes -an, -ant, -arian, -ee, -eer, -er, -ese, -ess, -ette,-i, -ish, -ist, -ite, -meister, -nik, -ster and-trix, as well as by the prefixes grand-, great-,step-, and vice-. Some of the nominalizing processes discussed in Chapter 10 are revisited, looking at the ways in which they overlap with the function of the primary personal and participant affixes discussed here. Similarly, this chapter touches on a few of the affixes that will be given a more detailed treatment in Chapter12 as forming collective or abstract nouns, but which double to some extent in creating participant nouns.

Keywords:   derived nouns, agent, patient, theme, instrument, inhabitant, location, gender, argument referencing

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