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The Enforcement of EU Law and ValuesEnsuring Member States' Compliance$
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András Jakab and Dimitry Kochenov

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198746560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746560.001.0001

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Application of the EU CFR by National Courts in Purely Domestic Cases

Application of the EU CFR by National Courts in Purely Domestic Cases

(p.252) 14 Application of the EU CFR by National Courts in Purely Domestic Cases
The Enforcement of EU Law and Values

András Jakab

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the most promising way to conceptualize the values of European constitutionalism in a judicially enforceable manner is through a creative reinterpretation of Article 51(1) EU CFR. It asserts that in order to create a fully fledged value community which benefits all its citizens equally, the CFR should become fully applicable in every case in its own right—even in purely domestic cases in domestic courts and even in the absence of a systemic failure of fundamental rights protection at the domestic level. This would mean that judicial review would be introduced across Europe via the supremacy of EU law. This judicial review would be decentralized in the sense that local courts could exercise it, but its unified application would be ensured by the preliminary procedure. The EU could thus become a ‘community of fundamental rights’ with nobody left behind.

Keywords:   EU Charter, national courts, domestic courts, Article 51(1), fundamental rights, fundamental rights protection, EU law, semi-centralized judicial review, CFR

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