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Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderImpact on the Individual and Society$
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David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne-Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198745556

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.001.0001

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A Sibling-Based Analysis—Addressing Unobserved Heterogeneity

A Sibling-Based Analysis—Addressing Unobserved Heterogeneity

Chapter:
(p.144) 8 A Sibling-Based Analysis—Addressing Unobserved Heterogeneity
Source:
Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Author(s):

David Daley

Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen

Anne‐Mette Lange

Anders Sørensen

Jeanette Walldorf

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0008

In this chapter, a sibling-based analysis is presented that compares individuals with ADHD (treatment groups) to sibling-based matched control groups. The advantage of this analysis is that siblings are similar with respect to many of the aspects that are difficult to observe, such as genetic differences and social-background factors during childhood and upbringing, which are similar across siblings. The overall finding is that ADHD individuals exhibit weak performance compared with their non-ADHD siblings with respect to a large number of performance measures that are grouped around occupational status, income and public transfers, educational attainment, crime and traffic accidents, childhood outcomes, family composition, and health measures. Ultimately, the baseline results presented in Chapter 7 are robust to the use of sibling-based matched control groups.

Keywords:   unobserved heterogeneity, sibling-based analysis, treatment group, control group, performance difference, demographic characteristics, comorbid psychiatric diagnosis

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