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Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderImpact on the Individual and Society$
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David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne-Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198745556

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.001.0001

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Baseline Results

Baseline Results

(p.116) 7 Baseline Results
Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

David Daley

Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen

Anne‐Mette Lange

Anders Sørensen

Jeanette Walldorf

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the baseline results obtained when using ‘nearest neighbour’ propensity score matching are presented. The overall findings suggest that individuals with ADHD (the treatment groups) exhibit weak performance on a large set of performance measures compared to non-ADHD individuals (the matched control groups). Performance measures are grouped based on occupational status, income, educational attainment, crime and traffic accidents, childhood outcomes, family composition, and health measures. The matched control group is selected by pairing each ADHD individual from the treatment groups with a non-ADHD individual who is similar with respect to observable variables. Specifically, a non-ADHD individual is selected for the matched control group if he possesses the background characteristics that are most similar to those of a specific ADHD individual in the treatment group. Background variables include demographic characteristics and comorbid psychiatric diagnoses.

Keywords:   baseline results, nearest neighbour, propensity score matching, treatment group, control group, performance difference, demographic characteristics, comorbid psychiatric diagnosis

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