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Freedom and Necessity in Modern Trinitarian Theology
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Freedom and Necessity in Modern Trinitarian Theology

Brandon Gallaher


The book examines the tension between God and the world through a constructive reading of the Trinitarian theologies and Christologies of Sergii Bulgakov (1871–1944), Karl Barth (1886–1968) and Hans Urs von Balthasar (1905–88). It focuses on what is called ‘the problematic of divine freedom and necessity’ and the response of the writers. By the ‘problematic’ is meant that God is simultaneously radically free and utterly bound to creation. God did not need to create and redeem the world in Christ. It is a contingent free gift. Yet, on the other side of a dialectic, he also has eternally determi ... More

Keywords: freedom, necessity, Trinitarian, Christ, dialectic, Sergii Bulgakov, Hans Urs von Balthasar, Karl Barth

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780198744603
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744603.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Brandon Gallaher, author
Lecturer of Systematic and Comparative Theology, University of Exeter

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