erosion and persistence of domestic sports betting monopolies
This chapter analyses changing styles of sports betting regulation. While most countries analysed in this book have traditionally upheld sports betting monopolies, these monopolies have proven less and less effective in ensuring a controlled supply of these potentially addictive services and in ensuring government revenue. Furthermore, monopolies held by EU member states have started to become challenged as illegitimate restrictions on the internal market. In combination, this has subjected national monopolies to a considerable impulse pushing towards more liberal gambling policy. Interestingly, however, this impulse to gambling reform has been processed rather differently by different political systems. While some countries have—as expected—engaged in vertical transmission of the impulse, others have absorbed the impulse. By focusing on developments in France, Germany, and Sweden, this chapter argues that the role of national courts and judicial politics is the key to understanding diverging national responses to this impulse.
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