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John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century PhysicsVision and Integrity$
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Andrew Whitaker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198742999

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.001.0001

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The 1960s

The 1960s

The Decade of Greatest Success

(p.164) 3 The 1960s
John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics

Andrew Whitaker

Oxford University Press

During the 1960s, Bell produced his seminal work on the foundations of quantum theory, first showing that, contrary to von Neumann’s argument, hidden variable theories were allowed but then that they had to be non-local. Thus, he showed that quantum theory did not respect local causality, and he outlined experiments that could be used to test whether the assumption of local realism was true in quantum theory: Bell’s theorem, or Bell’s inequality, or Bell’s inequalities. His work was followed up by John Clauser, Abner Shimony, Michael Horne, and Richard Holt, who produced the CHSH inequality. Bell had moved to CERN, where he worked on the theory of neutrino experiments, and on nuclear and elementary particle physics, making crucial suggestions concerning the use of gauge theory for each type of physical force and also producing the Adler–Bell–Jackiw anomaly, or the ABJ anomaly.

Keywords:   hidden variable, Bell’s theorem, Bell’s inequality, Bell’s inequalities, local causality, local realism, von Neumann, CHSH, CERN, ABJ anomaly

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