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The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry$
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I. David Brown

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198742951

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.001.0001

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Cation Coordination Number

Cation Coordination Number

Chapter:
4 Cation Coordination Number
Source:
The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry
Author(s):

I. David Brown

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.003.0004

The coordination number serves as a measure of the size of an atom but many atoms adopt a range of coordination numbers. The relative sizes of the two bonded atoms determines the largest possible coordination number (Section 4.2), but smaller coordination numbers may be adopted if doing so allows the bonded atoms to have similar bonding strengths, i.e. valence matching (Section 4.3). Electronic (Section 4.5) and steric (Section 4.6) factors as well as the composition (Section 4.4) influence the coordination number, with high symmetry coordination (Section 4.7) being preferred wherever possible.

Keywords:   coordination number, valence matching, symmetry, bonding strengths

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