A No-Progress Report
New-Look psychologists such as Jerome Bruner proposed in the 1940s and 1950s that what one believes and what one desires influence what one perceives, but this hypothesis—the cognitive penetrability hypothesis—was widely rejected in the 1970s and 1980s. In recent years, an increasing number of psychologists and philosophers are again embracing the cognitive penetrability hypothesis, a trend this chapter calls ‘the New New Look’. This chapter argues that current empirical research on, and current theoretical arguments for, this hypothesis suffer from the exact same kind of problems that led psychologists and philosophers to reject the New Look forty years ago.
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