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Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours across Time and Place$
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Matilda Hellman, Virginia Berridge, Karen Duke, and Alex Mold

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737797

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737797.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2019

External influences on national drug policies in four European countries at the turn of the twenty-first century

External influences on national drug policies in four European countries at the turn of the twenty-first century

Chapter:
(p.129) Chapter 7 External influences on national drug policies in four European countries at the turn of the twenty-first century
Source:
Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours across Time and Place
Author(s):

Franca Beccaria

Jacek Moskalewicz

Vibeke Asmussen Frank

Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl

Sara Rolando

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737797.003.0007

The chapter applies a number of theoretical approaches to explore how external influences may affect national drug policies. Experiences from four European countries—Austria, Denmark, Italy, and Poland—show that national drug policies are not autonomous actions taken by sovereign nations, but are strongly dependent on external influences, including external frameworks, such as international conventions, as well as external stakeholders, including international organizations and foreign states. These influences cannot be seen as one-way pressures only exerted on individual countries. Often, domestic stakeholders exploit external stakeholders, their authority and power, to legitimize or to impose their own agendas.

Keywords:   external influences, stakeholders, drug policies, policy window theory, boundary work theory, social arena theory

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