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Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours across Time and Place$
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Matilda Hellman, Virginia Berridge, Karen Duke, and Alex Mold

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737797

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737797.001.0001

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Concepts and policies directed at drug use in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden

Concepts and policies directed at drug use in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden

Chapter:
(p.33) Chapter 3 Concepts and policies directed at drug use in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden
Source:
Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours across Time and Place
Author(s):

Bagga Bjerge

Esben Houborg

Johan Edman

Riikka Perälä

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737797.003.0003

The Nordic countries are often thought of in terms of social democratic welfare regimes with numerous shared cultural aspects. Based on research from Denmark, Finland, and Sweden, this chapter explores how historical developments, specific ways of constructing policies, and welfare institutions articulate specific conceptions of what drug-related issues are and how they should be managed in three seemingly very similar welfare states. The Nordic welfare states are often described as quite alike and fairly open and inclusive in their approach to welfare policies and concerns, but the chapter demonstrates that similar political systems adopt different policy responses to similar conditions. To explore the similarities and differences, we are inspired by the analytical concepts of policy space and political rationalities; we use this approach to provide an overview of drug policy history in the three countries and present a closer examination of the topics of sanctions against drug users, coercive treatment, and substitution treatment nationally as well as cross-nationally.

Keywords:   drug problems, treatment, policy space, Nordic welfare states

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