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The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution$
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Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737254

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737254.001.0001

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The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt

The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt


(p.27) 2 The Structure and Evolution of Employment in Egypt
The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution

Ragui Assaad

Caroline Krafft

Oxford University Press

This chapter conducts a detailed analysis of the evolution of the employment situation in Egypt over the period from 1998 to 2012, paying special attention to the impact of the economic crisis accompanying the January 25th 2011 revolution. Trends in job creation, employment status, sector, industry, and occupation are examined. This chapter also investigates job mobility between statuses over time. Additionally, we examine changes in the conditions of work, including characteristics such as stability, formality, hours, and firm size. Employment in the private sector continues to be dominated by small firms and informal work. Irregular wage work—the type of employment that is most closely associated with vulnerability and poverty—has risen substantially as of 2012. Overall, there appears to have been a substantial deterioration in employment conditions in the private sector, but stability, if not improvement, in conditions for those employed in the public sector.

Keywords:   employment structure, job creation, job mobility, employment conditions, vulnerable employment, Egypt

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