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A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central EuropeVolume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'$
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Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopecek

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737148

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.001.0001

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The Rise and Fall of “National Liberalism” after 1848

The Rise and Fall of “National Liberalism” after 1848

(p.356) 9 The Rise and Fall of “National Liberalism” after 1848
A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

Balázs Trencsényi

Maciej Janowski

Mónika Baár

Maria Falina

Michal Kopeček

Oxford University Press

After 1848 the horizons of expectation of liberal politicians changed: the “innocence” of the early phases of national awakening was lost as national movements became aware that their programs of national unification could only be fulfilled at the expense of neighboring nations. A series of debates manifested the profound ambiguity of the liberal nationalist project. Simultaneously, the adaptation of socialist ideas to local conditions created fascinating ideological hybrids. The reception of Russian narodnik thought in contexts marked by national tensions produced discourses linking social radicalism with envisioned solutions to the national conflicts. Eventually, the loss of liberal initiative opened up the possibility of linking social demands to a new anti-liberal identity politics and set up strong symbolic and legal lines between ethnic insiders and outsiders. Indicative of this transformation, anti-Semitism became entrenched on the right of the political spectrum, linked to social conservatism, clericalism, organicism, integral nationalism, and political anti-liberalism.

Keywords:   national unification, liberal nationalism, social radicalism, organicism, anti-liberalism, anti-Semitism

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