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The Nietzschean SelfMoral Psychology, Agency, and the Unconscious$
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Paul Katsafanas

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737100

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737100.001.0001

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Nietzschean Moral Psychology and its Competitors

Nietzschean Moral Psychology and its Competitors

Chapter:
(p.257) 10 Nietzschean Moral Psychology and its Competitors
Source:
The Nietzschean Self
Author(s):

Paul Katsafanas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737100.003.0010

Chapter 10 summarizes the results and returns to the concerns of the Introduction: with the Nietzschean model of agency at hand, the chapter explains how it differs from and improves upon the alternatives offered by Kant, Hume, and Aristotle. It argues that Nietzsche’s account enjoys several advantages over its competitors. First, it is more psychologically realistic, being in conformity with empirical results about human psychology and action. Second, it reveals the ways in which unconscious processes play a signal role in human action. Third, it avoids philosophical problems concerning the locus of agency problem, without committing itself to an exaggerated role for reflective thought. Fourth, and most generally, it frees itself from the often unnoticed moral assumptions that infect so many previous attempts to offer philosophical psychologies.

Keywords:   Nietzsche, philosophical psychology, Kant, Aristotle, Hume, agency

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