The past few decades have seen a slow but steady convergence of certain aspects of the realms of environmental law and human rights. A high quality environment is coming to be regarded as a necessary prerequisite for the enjoyment of some of the most fundamental human rights. This introduction summarises the book’s themes: human rights and the environment in the context of the private sector; decisions of the European and Inter-American courts concerning substantive and procedural aspects of human rights and environmental justice; human rights and the environment in the Asia-Pacific region with respect to constitutional, legislative, institutional and judicial developments and the issues of rights associated with various kinds of forced human displacement; and the future directions of human rights and environment law. The United Nations Independent Expert’s reports on the human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy, and sustainable environment are also canvassed.
Keywords: human rights and environmental law, convergence, substantive and procedural rights, institutions, constitutional developments, legislative developments, right to environment, Asia-Pacific developments, future directions
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