Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Metaphysics of Relations$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Anna Marmodoro and David Yates

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198735878

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 June 2020

External Relations, Causal Coincidence, and Contingency

External Relations, Causal Coincidence, and Contingency

(p.113) 7 External Relations, Causal Coincidence, and Contingency
The Metaphysics of Relations

Peter Simons

Oxford University Press

Many contingent facts concern objects standing in relationships by accident, prominent among these being spatiotemporal relationships, often taken as the paradigm of external (irreducible) relational properties. In this chapter it is argued that while spatiotemporal relations are external to their relata, in that they are not determined by the mere existence or natures thereof, such relations reduce to internal relations between the processes upon which spatiotemporally related individuals ontologically depend. Assuming that processes are ontologically prior to individuals, it is argued that since processes have their spatiotemporal locations essentially, they are internally spatiotemporally related. Assuming relationism about spacetime, this chapter concludes that we do not need to posit relational truthmakers to account for true spatiotemporal predications. The contingency of spatiotemporal relations between individuals, and the existence of spatiotemporal coincidences, is accounted for in terms of the contingency of the relationship between concrete individuals and their sustaining processes.

Keywords:   internal relations, external relations, process, ontology, spatiotemporal relations, causal relations, coincidence

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .