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Parliaments and the European Court of Human Rights$
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Philip Leach and Alice Donald

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198734246

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198734246.001.0001

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(p.190) 6 Romania
Parliaments and the European Court of Human Rights

Alice Donald

Philip Leach

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the involvement of Romania’s bicameral parliament in the implementation of European Convention on Human Rights standards and judgments of the European Court of Human Rights since Romania’s ratification of the Convention in 1994. It documents the uneven pace and trajectory of democratic reform in the post-Ceaușescu era. Substantial reform has been achieved, including curbs on the power of prosecutors; yet in other areas, such as the restitution of nationalized properties or compensation in lieu, reform remains incomplete, and parliamentarians have at times perceived both political and material incentives to resist legislative reform required by human rights judgments. The chapter explores the role of parliamentary committees, in particular the sub-committee on the execution of Strasbourg judgments in the Chamber of Deputies. The chapter draws on interviews with members of the sub-committee, along with officials, lawyers, civil society organizations, and the former Romanian judge in Strasbourg.

Keywords:   Romania, parliament, Chamber of Deputies, Senate, ECHR, Convention, European Union, Ceaușescu, implementation, human rights

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