This chapter examines the involvement of Ukraine’s unicameral parliament (the Verkhovna Rada) in the implementation of European Convention on Human Rights standards and judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. Widespread violations of the Convention have been exposed, prompting intensive scrutiny by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The chapter charts the recent political turbulence in Ukraine, the dysfunctionality of many domestic institutions, and the flawed processes of constitutional and legislative reform. Drawing on interviews with parliamentarians, officials, lawyers, civil society organizations, and the Ukrainian judge at the Court, the chapter finds that parliamentary oversight and executive co-ordination of human rights implementation are weak, despite strong respect in Ukraine for the Convention and the existence of a law addressing compliance with Strasbourg judgments. Yet there is cautious optimism that the parliament elected in 2014 may strengthen domestic capacity and will to comply with international human rights standards.
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