Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Fight Against Hunger and MalnutritionThe Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

David E. Sahn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198733201

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 January 2020

Population Increases and Agricultural Productivity

Population Increases and Agricultural Productivity

Chapter:
(p.279) 12 Population Increases and Agricultural Productivity
Source:
The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition
Author(s):

Barbara Boyle Torrey

E. Fuller Torrey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.003.0013

The race between expanding agricultural productivity and increasing human populations began in the Middle East 11 millennia ago. The Neolithic transition from foraging to agriculture caused a demographic transition from low to higher fertility and mortality rates. The small net difference between increasing Neolithic fertility and mortality rates led inexorably to world population increases. As agriculture caused the earlier demographic transition, industrialization caused the later one. Only in the 1960s, however, did the demographic transition begin in non-industrial countries, where the race between agriculture and people became the most intense. Fortunately, the Green Revolution kept up with rapidly growing populations in most countries. Today, sub-Saharan Africa is the only major region in the world not adequately feeding its populations. Therefore, although the race between increasing population and agricultural productivity began in the Middle East 11 millennia ago, its conclusion will likely be determined in Africa in the next half century.

Keywords:   expanding agricultural productivity, increasing populations, Neolithic agricultural transition, green revolution, Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .