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European Identity in the Context of National IdentityQuestions of Identity in Sixteen European Countries in the Wake of the Financial Crisis$
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Bettina Westle and Paolo Segatti

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198732907

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732907.001.0001

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Subnational and National Territorial Identification

Subnational and National Territorial Identification

Chapter:
(p.63) 3 Subnational and National Territorial Identification
Source:
European Identity in the Context of National Identity
Author(s):

Christian Schnaudt

Stefanie Walter

Sebastian Adrian Popa

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732907.003.0003

This chapter analyses citizens’ identification with local, regional, and national levels. It asks whether these identifications constitute a multidimensional construct, indicating exclusive identifications, or a single unidimensional phenomenon, reflecting multiple identifications. To the extent that multiple identifications exist, it investigates whether these reflect a bottom-up or a top-down logic of identity construction. The results for the full national samples of the countries studied suggest that territorial identification represents a single unidimensional construct (with no clear internal order). When focusing on citizens from countries known for conflicts between the regional and the national level, the results hint at the presence of exclusive subnational identifications. Overall, the results establish positive news for modern democracies, as identifications with different territorial loci coexist. In some regions, however, national governments may find it difficult to implement important policies in light of exclusive subnational identifications, which appear to be at odds with a national identification.

Keywords:   subnational identity, national identity, multiple identities, exclusive identities, Mokken scale analysis, factor analysis

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