Drawing on the foregoing chapters, the conclusion offers a holistic vision of the protection of civilians, attempting to reconcile definitions, identify a cohesive legal framework, and find complementarities in protection activities. The chapter argues that a shared understanding of protection terminology would facilitate the spectrum of protection actors working together to achieve complementary objectives, and offers a common definition. It provides an analysis of both positive and negative protection obligations drawn from the UN Charter, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international refugee law. It advocates for the development and conclusion of a clear unified statement of the normative framework governing protection. Finally, the chapter promotes the development of general principles for protection practice, drawing upon the challenges and solutions that various authors identify throughout the volume.
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