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The Pope and the ProfessorPius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age$
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Thomas Albert Howard

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198729198

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.001.0001

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Between Munich and Rome

Between Munich and Rome

The Formation of a German Catholic Scholar

Chapter:
(p.57) 2 Between Munich and Rome
Source:
The Pope and the Professor
Author(s):

Thomas Albert Howard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.003.0003

This chapter discusses the early career of Döllinger, situating his intellectual development in the context of Southern German Catholicism during a time of immense crisis and transition: the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire (1806), the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic era, and the Restoration as a result of the Congress of Vienna (1814–15). The chapter makes clear the ultramontane commitments of Döllinger in his early career, even as it shows him gradually drifting from Rome in the 1850s and 1860s. The chapter attributes particular significance to two lectures that he gave in 1861 on the Pope’s temporal power and to his involvement in a Congress of German Catholic scholars in Munich in 1863. The 1861 lectures and the Congress of 1863 make clear the difficulty of maintaining concurrent loyalties to the ecclesiastical hierarchy and to modern historical scholarship. This difficulty is seen as adumbrating his later break with Rome.

Keywords:   Febronianism, Holy Roman Empire, Congress of Vienna, Roman Question, neo-scholasticism, Tuas libenter, Pius IX, Josef Kleutgen, Carl August von Reisach, Syllabus of Errors

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