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Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe$
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Thomas Hippler and Miloš Vec

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727996.001.0001

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From Nationalist Peace to Democratic War

From Nationalist Peace to Democratic War

The Peace Congresses in Paris (1849) and Geneva (1867)

(p.170) 10 From Nationalist Peace to Democratic War
Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Thomas Hippler

Oxford University Press

This chapter illustrates how the Holy Alliance and its Troppau Protocol express a principle which can be found—sometimes in disguised form—in virtually all ulterior peace movements: the idea that peace has to rely on a homogenous political order at least concerning the fundamental principles of politics. For the Holy Alliance, these principles are dynastic legitimacy and Christianity. The ulterior history of pacifism can be understood as the history of the evolution of these principles of order. This chapter investigates one of these evolutions, in which the principle of nationality was gradually replaced by a democratic principle.

Keywords:   peace, Holy Alliance, political order, pacifism, nationality, democratic principle

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