Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Transcending the Cold WarSummits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 September 2019

The Caucasus, 1990

The Caucasus, 1990

Chapter:
(p.204) 8 The Caucasus, 1990
Source:
Transcending the Cold War
Author(s):

Kristina Spohr

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.003.0009

On 15–16 July 1990 the German and Soviet leaders Helmut Kohl and Mikhail Gorbachev held summit talks in Moscow and in the Caucasus. Their meeting sealed the deal on Germany regaining full sovereignty upon unification and allowing unified Germany to remain in NATO. The chancellor’s use of chequebook diplomacy also facilitated a bilateral treaty for Soviet troop withdrawals over four years from eastern Germany. The Caucasus summit thereby brought the Cold War to an end in the country that had been its original cockpit. It was thus Kohl, not Bush, who wrapped up the practical questions that shaped Europe’s post-Cold War security order—after Bush elicited Gorbachev’s consent on matters of principle, including a nation’s right to choose its alliance. The diplomacy of 1990 between Bush, Gorbachev, and Kohl allowed the United States to remain a European power and thus a shaper of the continent’s evolution after the Cold War.

Keywords:   Helmut Kohl, Mikhail Gorbachev, George H.W. Bush, Caucasus, German unification, NATO, Red Army troop withdrawal, chequebook diplomacy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .