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Transcending the Cold WarSummits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990$
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Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2019

Beijing and Malta, 1989

Beijing and Malta, 1989

Chapter:
(p.180) 7 Beijing and Malta, 1989
Source:
Transcending the Cold War
Author(s):

Jeffrey A. Engel

Sergey Radchenko

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.003.0008

This chapter deals with three summits: Deng Xiaoping’s meetings in Beijing with George H.W. Bush (February) and Gorbachev (June), and Gorbachev’s summit with Bush in Malta (December). The US president had entertained a long-standing belief in China’s evolution into a democratic partner and had conversely been sceptical about both Gorbachev himself and the Soviet capacity for reform. But the crackdown in Tiananmen Square closed off the China option for the moment: the PRC would go its own way and triangularity—a feature of the détente era—would play no significant part in the diplomacy of Europe’s Cold War endgame. By contrast, when protests spread across the Soviet bloc during the second half of 1989, Gorbachev did not use force to stop reform escalating into revolution—adhering to the Helsinki principles of 1975. Bush then reoriented his foreign policy from China towards Europe and engaged seriously with Gorbachev.

Keywords:   Deng Xiaoping, George H.W. Bush, Mikhail Gorbachev, Tiananmen Square, Beijing, Malta, James A. Baker

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