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Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement$
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Ruud ter Meulen, Ahmed Mohammed, and Wayne Hall

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.001.0001

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The effects of Modafinil on creativity: results from a randomized controlled trial

The effects of Modafinil on creativity: results from a randomized controlled trial

Chapter:
(p.87) Chapter 6 The effects of Modafinil on creativity: results from a randomized controlled trial
Source:
Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement
Author(s):

Ahmed Dahir Mohamed

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0006

This chapter reports on a randomized controlled trial that investigated the effects of modafinil on divergent and convergent thinking tasks of creativity. Sixty-four healthy volunteers participated in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel group design study. Modafinil had no significant main effect on convergent thinking tasks. However, a median split analysis showed that, after modafinil administration, highly creative participants had significantly lower scores than low creative participants on the convergent thinking task, indicating that the modafinil administration impaired performance in those high in creativity personality trait. For the divergent thinking tasks, modafinil significantly reduced performance compared to placebo administration. These results indicate that modafinil might reduce convergent thinking in healthy individuals who are highly creativity and that it will uniformly reduce divergent thinking tasks of creativity (thinking outside of the box). The implications of these results for healthy individuals who are interested in cognitive enhancement are discussed in detail.

Keywords:   cognitive enhancement, convergent thinking tasks, creativity personality trait, divergent thinking tasks, healthy individuals, median split analysis, modafinil, parallel group design study, randomized controlled trial, randomized double-blind placebo-controlled

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