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Reptile Ecology and ConservationA Handbook of Techniques$
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C. Kenneth Dodd

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198726135

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.001.0001

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Landscape ecology, biogeography, and GIS methods

Landscape ecology, biogeography, and GIS methods

Chapter:
(p.298) 22 Landscape ecology, biogeography, and GIS methods
Source:
Reptile Ecology and Conservation
Author(s):

Monika Böhm

Viorel D. Popescu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0022

This chapter introduces recent developments in the use of geographic information systems (GIS), landscape ecology, macroecology, and biogeography, and looks at important sources of data and applications that help to tackle complex biological and ecological questions spanning many spatial and temporal scales. Landscapes can be defined in a number of ways, including composition, configuration, connectivity, among others. The GIS can help to quantitatively describe landscape data. A GIS is a family of software that allows the visualization, storing, manipulating, analysing, and modelling of spatial data (i.e. georeferenced data). Another important consideration in landscape ecology is the ‘edge effect’. Edges encompass biotic and abiotic differences, in comparison to core habitat, and arise from the interaction of two habitat types, and they often have different environmental conditions to which reptiles are particularly sensitive. Spatial statistics, or the analysis of spatially correlated data, is also discussed in this chapter.

Keywords:   landscape ecology, biogeography, macroecology, GIS, connectivity, edge effect, spatial statistics

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