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How Gender Shapes the World$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198723752

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001

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Gender meanings in grammar and lexicon

Gender meanings in grammar and lexicon

(p.63) 5 Gender meanings in grammar and lexicon
How Gender Shapes the World

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Oxford University Press

Linguistic Gender is one of many means of categorizing a noun, in terms of its animacy, humanness, or sex, across the world’s languages. Classifiers of various types—including numeral classifiers, noun classifiers, and classifiers on verbs—encode the same set of meanings on a par with inherent properties of objects: their shape, size, consistency, and dimensions. Other categories of a noun—number, case, and declension type—can reflect meanings associated with Linguistic Genders. Gender meanings can be expressed in ‘gender-less’ languages through different lexemes or derivational affixes. The stereotypes of Social Genders will be reflected in any language, with or without Linguistic Gender, as long as they are relevant for the society.

Keywords:   Linguistic Gender, classifiers, number, case, animacy, derivational affix, languages without Linguistic Gender

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