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How Gender Shapes the World$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198723752

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2019

The multifaceted Gender

The multifaceted Gender

(p.1) 1 The multifaceted Gender
How Gender Shapes the World

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Oxford University Press

The book starts with an outline of three faces of gender—Linguistic Gender, Natural Gender (or sex), and Social Gender which reflects the social implications of being a man or a woman (or perhaps something in between). The three faces of Gender interrelate with each other. Linguistic gender tends to mirror social and cultural stereotypes of Social gender. Linguistic Gender—a not uncommon feature of the world languages—is special in a number of ways. It can be semantically transparent or opaque. It is a powerful means of categorizing noun referents in any language which has it. Linguistic Gender is a frequent source of metaphors, it reflects social stereotypes, and is important for the ways in which speakers perceive the world. The chapter finishes with a brief outline of the structure of the book.

Keywords:   Linguistic Gender, Natural Gender, sex, Social Gender, cognition, behaviour, metaphor

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