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How Gender Shapes the World$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198723752

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001

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The multifaceted Gender

The multifaceted Gender

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 The multifaceted Gender
Source:
How Gender Shapes the World
Author(s):

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0001

The book starts with an outline of three faces of gender—Linguistic Gender, Natural Gender (or sex), and Social Gender which reflects the social implications of being a man or a woman (or perhaps something in between). The three faces of Gender interrelate with each other. Linguistic gender tends to mirror social and cultural stereotypes of Social gender. Linguistic Gender—a not uncommon feature of the world languages—is special in a number of ways. It can be semantically transparent or opaque. It is a powerful means of categorizing noun referents in any language which has it. Linguistic Gender is a frequent source of metaphors, it reflects social stereotypes, and is important for the ways in which speakers perceive the world. The chapter finishes with a brief outline of the structure of the book.

Keywords:   Linguistic Gender, Natural Gender, sex, Social Gender, cognition, behaviour, metaphor

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