Promoting Peace through International Law
The introduction outlines both the relationship between international law and peace and that between international legal scholarship and peace research. The chapter presents differing concepts of ‘peace’, ranging from ‘negative peace’ (which implies the absence of violence), including references to principled, realistic, selective, and prudential pacifism, to ‘positive peace’ (which refers to the absence of structural violence). The chapter explains the editors’ support for realistic peace and calls for a renewed focus on a holistic concept of peace that takes into account the relevance of the principles of social justice, human rights, non-discrimination, sustainable development, and fair trade. The chapter describes the role of ‘peace’ in the UN Charter and introduces components of peace, together with recommendations concerning that concept.
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