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Stressors in the Marine EnvironmentPhysiological and ecological responses; societal implications$
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Martin Solan and Nia Whiteley

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.001.0001

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Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges

Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges

Chapter:
(p.228) Chapter 13 Chemical pollutants in the marine environment: causes, effects, and challenges
Source:
Stressors in the Marine Environment
Author(s):

Catriona K. Macleod

Ruth S. Eriksen

Zanna Chase

Sabine E. Apitz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0013

Chemicals are now commonplace in the marine environment; with chemical pollutants found in every region, from the Arctic to the tropics and from the smallest estuary to the depths of the oceans. The majority of these pollutants are terrestrial in origin, where they originally had some specific benefits and purpose. However, in the marine environment they can often have adverse and quite unexpected impacts. This chapter will discuss the various types of chemical pollutant found in our marine and coastal systems, and consider how those might affect marine fauna, flora, and ecosystem processes. The chapter will also explain the many and varied ways in which these chemicals (intentionally or unintentionally) can find their way into our oceans and coastal habitats. To end, the chapter will address options for management, monitoring, and regulation and highlight knowledge gaps and target areas of research.

Keywords:   chemicals, pollutant, management, ecosystem processes, fauna, flora, oceans, coastal habitats

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