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Stressors in the Marine EnvironmentPhysiological and ecological responses; societal implications$
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Martin Solan and Nia Whiteley

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.001.0001

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Effects of temperature stress on ecological processes

Effects of temperature stress on ecological processes

Chapter:
(p.213) Chapter 12 Effects of temperature stress on ecological processes
Source:
Stressors in the Marine Environment
Author(s):

Elizabeth A. Morgan

Alastair Brown

Benjamin J. Ciotti

Anouska Panton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0012

Temperature is one of the most important abiotic factors affecting marine ecological processes: this chapter outlines global temperature variations and their consequences for ecosystem structure and function. It starts by explaining the factors that control ocean temperature, describing the resulting global patterns of thermal variation, and providing predictions for future changes in these patterns. It then examines mechanisms by which organismal level temperature impacts influence biotic interactions and ultimately translate to changes in species distribution and community structure. It examines evidence from whole-community manipulations to understand how key features of ecosystem structure and function may respond to projected temperature change. Finally, it highlights how temperature interacts with other abiotic stressors, both as a driver of variation in these stressors and due to the complex nature of the combined interactive effects of these stressors on ecological processes.

Keywords:   temperature, marine, ocean, biotic interaction, species distribution, ecosystem structure, ecosystem function

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