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The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS$
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Markus Haacker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718048

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.001.0001

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Impact on Individuals and Households

Impact on Individuals and Households

Chapter:
(p.30) 3 Impact on Individuals and Households
Source:
The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS
Author(s):

Markus Haacker

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0003

On the national level, there is no obvious correlation between GDP per capita or poverty indicators and HIV prevalence, but HIV prevalence is positively correlated with high income inequality (primarily because both are high in and around South Africa). Regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS, there is no obvious link between HIV prevalence and subsequent changes in poverty and inequality. Within countries, cross-sectional data do not yield a clear picture. HIV prevalence is consistently higher among women in countries where heterosexual transmission of HIV dominates, and tends to be higher among people with higher socioeconomic status or higher educational attainment, but not in all countries. However, the burden of HIV may shift to households with lower socioeconomic profile. On the household level, the adverse impacts of HIV/AIDS are well established, especially around the death of a household member, but surviving household members have tended to recover.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, poverty, inequality, social gradient, wealth, education, productivity, orphans

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