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Visual Cultures in Science and TechnologyA Comparative History$
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Klaus Hentschel

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198717874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.001.0001

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Recurrent color taxonomies

Recurrent color taxonomies

Chapter:
(p.348) 11 Recurrent color taxonomies
Source:
Visual Cultures in Science and Technology
Author(s):

Hentschel Klaus

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0012

This chapter starts by considering how, until recently, color illustration and reproduction were exorbitantly expensive and therefore relatively rare, with hand-coloring of drawings or printed illustrations occurring only in fields where the specific color of a depicted object was quintessential, such as urinoscopy, dermatology, botany, cyanometry and mineralogy. In cartography, it became standard to emphasize the borders between different countries or regions in differently colored tints. From the mid 19th century, a few other fields very occasionally also made use of chromolithography. But, until cheaper photomechanical printing procedures were devised in the 20th century, color illustrations remained a rare occurrence in medicine, science and technology. This changed drastically with the spread of desktop publishing and affordable color printers in the late 20th century. Nowadays, color is virtually omnipresent, even in scientific publications.

Keywords:   color printing, hand-coloring, chromolithography, color plates, cyanometry, mineralogy, astronomy, botany, color taxonomy, color theory

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