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Organizational ProgenyWhy Governments are Losing Control over the Proliferating Structures of Global Governance$
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Tana Johnson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198717799

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717799.001.0001

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The Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

A Within-Case Probe

(p.103) 5 The Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Organizational Progeny

Tana Johnson

Oxford University Press

This chapter details the origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its precursor, the Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases (AGGG). It solves Chapter 1’s puzzle by spotlighting overlooked actors: international bureaucrats set the design agenda, shifting the status quo to which states reacted. Personnel from the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) pushed states to craft a climate institution. When states refused, UNEP and WMO bureaucrats formed an alliance with a non-governmental organization and crafted one themselves. Angered by this highly insulated and policy-aggressive body, the Reagan administration agreed to launch the IPCC as a substitute. International bureaucrats negotiated directly with the US government and diluted several state control mechanisms in the IPCC. Later, that insulation provided cover for IPCC personnel to buffer themselves further. A narrow focus on states misses why this organization exists and why it looks as it does.

Keywords:   Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases (AGGG), agenda-setting, alliance, bureaucracy, design, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), insulation, non-governmental organization, United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), United States

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