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Imagination and ConventionDistinguishing Grammar and Inference in Language$
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Ernie Lepore and Matthew Stone

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198717188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717188.001.0001

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Presupposition and Anaphora

Presupposition and Anaphora

The Case of Tense and Aspect

(p.115) 7 Presupposition and Anaphora
Imagination and Convention

Ernie Lepore

Matthew Stone

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores an important class of interpretive dependencies often attributed to general pragmatic principles: temporal connections between successive sentences in narrative discourse. The chapter argues that such cases are better characterized in grammatical terms through models of discourse anaphora (a representation that allows elements of logical form to have dependent interpretations across sentences), and presupposition (elements of meaning that constrain how anaphora is resolved). The chapter explains why such models are necessary and why they must be part of speakers' grammars. The chapter concludes by considering the broader dialectic that researchers have used to defend pragmatic analyses. Grammatical explanations of temporal interpretation, and other dependencies in discourse that depend on the dynamics of presupposition and anaphora, derive their ambiguities rather than stipulating them, and so do not fall prey to the criticisms that are often voiced against ambiguity accounts in the Gricean program.

Keywords:   presupposition, anaphora, temporal interpretation, narrative, ambiguity, implicature conversational, pragmatics

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