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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition$
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Peter J. Hogarth

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.001.0001

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Biodiversity and Biogeography

Biodiversity and Biogeography

Chapter:
(p.188) 10 Biodiversity and Biogeography
Source:
The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition
Author(s):

Peter J. Hogarth

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0010

The Indo-West Pacific region (IWP) has more species of mangrove than the Atlantic-Caribbean-East Pacific (ACEP). This and other biogeographical patterns can be understood only with reference to tectonic movements, the evolutionary diversification of mangroves, and barriers to dispersal. Local species diversity and intraspecific genetic diversity are affected by distance from source populations, and by species/area relationships. Similar considerations apply to the biogeography and biodiversity of seagrasses. Although difficult to establish unequivocally, high diversity seems to render an ecosystem more productive, less prone to fluctuation, and more resilient.

Keywords:   biodiversity, biogeography, diversification, ecosystem function, evolution, mangrove, productivity, resilience, seagrass, species/area relationship, stability

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