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Reconceptualizing Development in the Global Information Age$
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Manuel Castells and Pekka Himanen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716082

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716082.001.0001

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Pacifism, Human Development, and Informational Development: The Costa Rican Model

Pacifism, Human Development, and Informational Development: The Costa Rican Model

Chapter:
(p.205) Chapter 8 Pacifism, Human Development, and Informational Development: The Costa Rican Model
Source:
Reconceptualizing Development in the Global Information Age
Author(s):

Isidora Chacón

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716082.003.0009

The Costa Rican model of development is based on the interaction between, on one hand, economic growth, led by high added value exports, such as micro-electronics, organic agriculture and eco-tourism, and, on the other hand, a comprehensive welfare state. Yet, the most significant feature of Costa Rica is that it is the only country in the world without armed forces since 1948, thus managing political conflicts through the mediation of international institutions. The chapter argues that pacifism is at the heart of Costa Rican development because it shifts warfare spending to welfare spending, while including peace as a key component of human wellbeing

Keywords:   pacifism, welfare state, knowledge economy, economic growth, democracy, social stability, international cooperation, human wellbeing

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