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Agricultural EnlightenmentKnowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840$
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Peter M. Jones

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.001.0001

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Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce

Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce

Chapter:
(p.14) 1 Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce
Source:
Agricultural Enlightenment
Author(s):

Peter M. Jones

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.003.0002

This chapter sets the scene in a Europe which is coming to terms with the debt burden and in some regions the physical devastation left in the wake of the Seven Years’ War (1756–63). It depicts agriculture, industry, and commerce as activities that were still closely connected. The new economic discourses that start to take shape around 1750 are identified and analysed: physiocracy, cameralism, political economy, and agronomy. The role of the movement of ideas known as the Enlightenment in the crystallization of these discourses and their dissemination in Europe is outlined. So, too, is the role of the State which made use of, and even adopted, the new discourses in order to buttress the economic policy objectives pursued by ancien régime rulers and their bureaucracies.

Keywords:   agriculture, physiocracy, cameralism, political economy, agronomy

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