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Actual Consciousness$
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Ted Honderich

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198714385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714385.001.0001

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Five Leading Ideas about Consciousness

Five Leading Ideas about Consciousness

Chapter:
(p.17) 2 Five Leading Ideas about Consciousness
Source:
Actual Consciousness
Author(s):

Ted Honderich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714385.003.0002

There is considerable disagreement about what qualia as qualities of consciousness are, say between Block, Chalmers, Dennett, and Nagel. In any case, since qualia are qualities of consciousness rather than consciousness itself, and since consciousness also includes the non-qualia that are propositional attitudes, qualia cannot give us an adequate initial clarification of consciousness. Nor is there a satisfactory identification of consciousness in the idea of there being something it is like to be a thing. It remains, in various understandings, circular. There are difficulties as great with traditional and familiar ideas of subjectivity as of a self or inner subject. Nor does intentionality serve the purpose of initial clarification, partly because there is consciousness generally accepted as non-intentional. The rather elusive property of phenomenality does not do the job either. Advocacy of all the leading ideas, however, contain indications that may constitute particular data for a general initial clarification of consciousness.

Keywords:   qualia, subjectivity, intentionality, phenomenality, consciousness data

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