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Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being$
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Peter Anderson, Jürgen Rehm, and Robin Room

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198714002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.001.0001

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Drug and alcohol policy for European youth: current evidence and recommendations for integrated policies and research strategies

Drug and alcohol policy for European youth: current evidence and recommendations for integrated policies and research strategies

Chapter:
(p.119) Chapter 6 Drug and alcohol policy for European youth: current evidence and recommendations for integrated policies and research strategies
Source:
Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being
Author(s):

Patricia Conrod

Angelina Brotherhood

Harry Sumnall

Fabrizio Faggiano

Reinout Wiers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0006

Binge-drinking and illicit drug use are highly prevalent among European youth. Through mapping and a systematic review of reviews it is concluded that there is little review-level evidence to support the majority of approaches currently adopted and delivered by many Europe countries to address youth substance-related harm. Although some individual prevention programmes show beneficial effects on addictive behaviour outcomes, it is not currently possible to generalize beyond implementation of specific interventions to recommend any broad policy approaches based upon the underpinning principles of these programmes. Currently, recommendations with regard to effective approaches for addressing young people’s addictive behaviours can only be made with reference to ‘promising’ approaches. A further challenge lies in the practical need to balance the evidence base with what is feasible and desirable in the real world. Recommendations are provided to address these challenges, including a number of recommendations for future research.

Keywords:   addictive behaviour, binge-drinking, substance-related harm, adolescents, youth, prevention programmes, illicit drug use

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