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The Syntax of Old Romanian$
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Gabriela Pană Dindelegan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712350

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712350.001.0001

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The verb and its arguments: the root clause

The verb and its arguments: the root clause

Chapter:
(p.14) 2 The verb and its arguments: the root clause
Source:
The Syntax of Old Romanian
Author(s):

Rodica Zafiu

Alexandru Nicolae

Dana Niculescu

Gabriela Pană Dindelegan

Irina Nicula Paraschiv

Adina Dragomirescu

Andra Vasilescu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712350.003.0002

This chapter presents the main aspects related to the following problems: syntax of moods and tenses, pronominal clitics (position of clitics in the clause, clitic climbing structures, position of clitics relative to the finite and non-finite verbal forms, to the weak adverbs and the negator, clitic clusters), syntactic variation in the verbal domain (variant arguments, reflexive and non-reflexive verbs, variation in the selection of the preposition), arguments (subject, objects – direct, secondary, indirect, prepositional objects –, property-denoting complements) and their main changes in the passage to modern Romanian. Special attention is paid to the several constructions involving overall clausal structures (be-passive vs. se-passive, middle and anaphoric reflexives, reciprocal structures, and adverbal possessive dative clitics).

Keywords:   mood, tense, clitic, syntactic variation, argument structure, passive, reflexive construction, reciprocal construction, adverbal possessive clitic

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