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Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage$
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Brian MacWhinney, Andrej Malchukov, and Edith Moravcsik

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198709848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.001.0001

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Conclusions: Competition across time

Conclusions: Competition across time

Chapter:
(p.364) 22 Conclusions: Competition across time
Source:
Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage
Author(s):

Brian MacWhinney

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0022

Like other biological systems, language emerges as a product of competing motivations that interact at the moment of speaking. These many different motivations are each linked to different timeframes for neural processing, social usage, and consolidation. Functionalist accounts of language usage need to pay increased attention to the ways in which motivations are distributed across timeframes in order to understand how the meshing of motivations at the moment of speaking produces long‐term impacts on speakers and language communities. Adoption of this perspective provides us with ways of integrating the many insights presented in the chapters in the current volume.

Keywords:   proliferation, selection, timeframes, emergentism, motives, peaceful coexistence, meshing, rhythm, memory, mimetics, learning, Competition Model, cue validity, rote, combination, analogy, Perspective Hypothesis, item‐based patterns

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