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The Power to DismissTrade Unions and the Regulation of Job Security in Western Europe$
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Patrick Emmenegger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198709237

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709237.001.0001

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A ‘Red Wave’ over Europe

A ‘Red Wave’ over Europe

(p.127) 4 A ‘Red Wave’ over Europe
The Power to Dismiss

Patrick Emmenegger

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the reform of job security regulations from the late 1960s until the mid-1970s, a period during which numerous reforms of job security regulations were enacted in Western Europe. The chapter explains why the labour movement grew increasingly dissatisfied with the post-war order and why it had the power resources to challenge the political and economic elite. Subsequently, it discusses the reforms of job security regulations in eight Western European countries. The chapter shows that the reform of job security regulations was only possible after the labour movement had radicalized its demands and began to challenge the established economic and political order. Facing demands for radical change and a mobilized labour movement, the employers#amp;#x2019; associations and their political allies decided to make a series of concessions, which, however, they tried to reverse as soon as the mobilization of the labour movement began to abate.

Keywords:   job security, trade unions, radicalization, mobilization, protest, dismissal, power resources

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