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International Organization in TimeFragmentation and Reform$
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Tine Hanrieder

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198705833

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705833.001.0001

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Reforming International Organizations in the Shadow of Fragmentation

Reforming International Organizations in the Shadow of Fragmentation

(p.1) 1 Reforming International Organizations in the Shadow of Fragmentation
International Organization in Time

Tine Hanrieder

Oxford University Press

The chapter introduces the book’s puzzle, core arguments, and methods. It describes the emergence of two pathologies within the World Health Organization (WHO)—its regionalization and its growing reliance on earmarked donations—and the futile attempts to counter these trends. The ongoing fragmentation of the WHO is a path dependent process that is reinforced through organizational reform. The dynamic of this fragmentation trap can also be triggered in other IOs with strong subunits, for example the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This account of IO fragmentation contributes to debates about institutional change in global and domestic politics. It is based on documentary evidence and background interviews with WHO officers. The WHO case serves as the source for theory building and makes up the book’s empirical core. The comparison of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO’s) and UNESCO’s federal designs provides a plausibility probe of the fragmentation trap model.

Keywords:   puzzle, international organization studies, research design, chapter outline, data

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