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Spiritual RationalityPapal Embargo as Cultural Practice$
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Stefan K. Stantchev

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198704096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704096.001.0001

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A “Pre-History” of Papal Embargo

A “Pre-History” of Papal Embargo

Explanations, Precedents, Contexts

(p.17) 1 A “Pre-History” of Papal Embargo
Spiritual Rationality

Stefan K. Stantchev

Oxford University Press

Following a broadly conceived introduction, Chapter 1 presents the specific problem of papal embargo and positions the reader in time, place, and historical contexts. Late medieval ‘crusade theorists’ proposed a veritable system of economic sanctions built upon an attentive analysis of political economy, shaping current views of papal embargo. The Roman Empire had used a system of export controls, but the papacy took an interest into Christians’ trade with others in the twelfth century, in the midst of booming Mediterranean trade, on the one hand, and of declining crusading fortunes in the Holy Land, on the other. Already the early medieval church, however, had condemned the sale of slaves to non-Christians. These measures were not spurred by political and economic considerations, but were rather motivated by concerns that were pastoral (loss of souls due to conversion to the religion of the non-Christian masters) and symbolic (non-Christians holding power over Christians).

Keywords:   embargo, export controls, trade, crusade, Mediterranean, war material, slave trade, papacy, Byzantium

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