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The New IntergovernmentalismStates and Supranational Actors in the Post-Maastricht Era$
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Christopher J. Bickerton, Dermot Hodson, and Uwe Puetter

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198703617

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703617.001.0001

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A Union of Member States

A Union of Member States

State Transformation and the New Intergovernmentalism

(p.51) 2 A Union of Member States
The New Intergovernmentalism

Christopher J. Bickerton

Oxford University Press

Many of the features associated with the new intergovernmentalism are the result of a process of state transformation in Europe, from nation-states to member states. This chapter traces the shift by looking at how state–society relations have evolved in Europe since the early 1970s, focusing in particular on the role of political parties. As parties have become less representative of the societies over which they govern, they have become more reliant on regional integration as a source of legitimacy and authority. Rather than looking to macro-structural variables such as globalization or neoliberalism as explanations for the new intergovernmentalism of the post-Maastricht era, this chapter focuses on the changing dynamics of preference formation within national societies as its preferred explanation.

Keywords:   European Union, integration paradox, new intergovernmentalism, state transformation, political parties

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