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Nonlinear Optics and Photonics$
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Guang S. He

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702764

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.001.0001

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Optical Temporal Solitons

Optical Temporal Solitons

(p.386) 12 Optical Temporal Solitons
Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Guang S. He

Oxford University Press

In a n2 > 0 nonlinear medium (like an optical fiber) working in its negative group-velocity-dispersion (GVD) range, the GVD effect induced temporal broadening of an input short laser pulse can be counterbalanced by the self-phase modulation induced frequency chirping effect. For this reason, at appropriate input power level(s), the special propagation of a pulse-shape stable pulse or pulse-shape periodically repeatable pulses could take place along the nonlinear medium. The former is the so-called fundamental temporal soliton while the latter are the high-order temporal solitons. The principles of formation and spatiotemporal variation of solitons have been used to compress the input laser pulse duration, to generate ultrashort laser pulses, and to implement long-distance and high bit-rate fiber telecommunications.

Keywords:   Group velocity dispersion, self-phase modulation, frequency chirping, optical temporal solitons, ultrashort pulses, fiber telecommunication

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