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Empires at War1911-1923$
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Robert Gerwarth and Erez Manela

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702511

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702511.001.0001

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The German Empire

The German Empire

(p.52) 3 The German Empire
Empires at War

Heather Jones

Oxford University Press

The German Reich, established in 1871, was an empire in more than one way. Under Wilhelm II, the German government had acquired colonies in South-West Africa (today’s Namibia), Cameroon and East Africa (Tanzania) as well as in the Chinese province of Shandong and a number of smaller outposts in the South Pacific. This chapter will look at the mobilization of imperial subjects, their role in the war on the Western, Eastern and African fronts, the impact of (short-lived) imperial expansion in the East on future German aspirations in the “lands between” and the consequences of defeat in 1918, both for the imperial subjects that were now given national independence (or, in the case of the overseas colonies, received new colonial masters) and German geostrategic thinking.

Keywords:   First World War, defeat, successor states, colonies, ethnic minorities

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