This case examines the claim to independence of an unrecognized entity called Transnistria or Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika (PMR). The structure of this case study is as follows. First, the geographical location of the PMR and the history of its territory is described; second, the institutions of the PMR and its industrial base are outlined; third, the ethnic composition and identity of the population of the PMR is analysed; fourth, the question of whether the PMR could have a claim to self-determination, internal or external, is considered; fifth, the ECHR’s findings in the cases mentioned above that Russia exercises ‘effective control’ over the PMR are criticized; sixth, the various attempts at settlement and the position of the Moldovan government are considered. The chapter concludes on a note of optimism.
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